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Oscar Agertz. Profile photo.

Oscar Agertz

Associate Professor / Senior university lecturer / Wallenberg Academy Fellow

Oscar Agertz. Profile photo.

EDGE : What shapes the relationship between H i and stellar observables in faint dwarf galaxies?


  • Martin P. Rey
  • Andrew Pontzen
  • Oscar Agertz
  • Matthew D.A. Orkney
  • Justin I. Read
  • Amelie Saintonge
  • Stacy Y. Kim
  • Payel Das

Summary, in English

We show how the interplay between feedback and mass-growth histories introduces scatter in the relationship between stellar and neutral gas properties of field faint dwarf galaxies (M∗ 106, M⊙). Across a suite of cosmological, high-resolution zoomed simulations, we find that dwarf galaxies of stellar masses 105 ≤ M∗ ≤ 106, M⊙ are bimodal in their cold gas content, being either H i-rich or H i-deficient. This bimodality is generated through the coupling between (i) the modulation of H i contents by the background of ultraviolet radiation (UVB) at late times and (ii) the significant scatter in the stellar-to-halo mass relationship induced by reionization. Furthermore, our H i-rich dwarfs exhibit disturbed and time-variable neutral gas distributions primarily due to stellar feedback. Over the last four billion years, we observe order-of-magnitude changes around the median M H,\small I, factor-of-a-few variations in H i spatial extents, and spatial offsets between H i and stellar components regularly exceeding the galaxies' optical sizes. Time variability introduces further scatter in the M∗-M H, small I relation and affects a galaxy's detectability in H i at any given time. These effects will need to be accounted for when interpreting observations of the population of faint, H i-bearing dwarfs by the combination of optical and radio wide, deep surveys.


  • Lund Observatory - Has been reorganised
  • eSSENCE: The e-Science Collaboration

Publishing year







Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society





Document type

Journal article


Oxford University Press


  • Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology


  • Galaxies: dwarf
  • Galaxies: evolution
  • Galaxies: haloes
  • Galaxies: structure
  • Methods: numerical




  • ISSN: 0035-8711