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Sofia Feltzing. Profile photo.

Sofia Feltzing

Professor

Sofia Feltzing. Profile photo.

The Gaia -ESO Survey : radial distribution of abundances in the Galactic disc from open clusters and young-field stars

Author

  • L. Magrini
  • S. Randich
  • G. Kordopatis
  • N. Prantzos
  • D. Romano
  • A. Chieffi
  • M. Limongi
  • P. François
  • E. Pancino
  • E. Friel
  • A. Bragaglia
  • G. Tautvaišiene
  • L. Spina
  • J. Overbeek
  • T. Cantat-Gaudin
  • P. Donati
  • A. Vallenari
  • R. Sordo
  • F. M. Jiménez-Esteban
  • B. Tang
  • A. Drazdauskas
  • S. G. Sousa
  • S. Duffau
  • P. Jofré
  • G. Gilmore
  • S. Feltzing
  • E. Alfaro
  • T. Bensby
  • E. Flaccomio
  • S. Koposov
  • A. Lanzafame
  • R. Smiljanic
  • A Bayo
  • G. Carraro
  • A. R. Casey
  • M. T. Costado
  • F. Damiani
  • E. Franciosini
  • A. Hourihane
  • C. Lardo
  • J Lewis
  • L. Monaco
  • L. Morbidelli
  • G. G. Sacco
  • L. Sbordone
  • C. C. Worley
  • S. Zaggia

Summary, in English

Context. The spatial distribution of elemental abundances in the disc of our Galaxy gives insights both on its assembly process and subsequent evolution, and on the stellar nucleogenesis of the different elements. Gradients can be traced using several types of objects as, for instance, (young and old) stars, open clusters, HII regions, planetary nebulae. Aims. We aim to trace the radial distributions of abundances of elements produced through different nucleosynthetic channels - the α-elements O, Mg, Si, Ca and Ti, and the iron-peak elements Fe, Cr, Ni and Sc - by use of the Gaia-ESO IDR4 results for open clusters and young-field stars. Methods. From the UVES spectra of member stars, we have determined the average composition of clusters with ages > 0.1 Gyr. We derived statistical ages and distances of field stars. We traced the abundance gradients using the cluster and field populations and compared them with a chemo-dynamical Galactic evolutionary model. Results. The adopted chemo-dynamical model, with the new generation of metallicity-dependent stellar yields for massive stars, is able to reproduce the observed spatial distributions of abundance ratios, in particular the abundance ratios of [O/Fe] and [Mg/Fe] in the inner disc (5 kpc <RGC< 7 kpc), with their differences, that were usually poorly explained by chemical evolution models. Conclusions. Oxygen and magnesium are often considered to be equivalent in tracing α-element abundances and in deducing, for example, the formation timescales of different Galactic stellar populations. In addition, often [α/Fe] is computed combining several α-elements. Our results indicate, as expected, a complex and diverse nucleosynthesis of the various α-elements, in particular in the high metallicity regimes, pointing towards a different origin of these elements and highlighting the risk of considering them as a single class with common features.

Department/s

  • Lund Observatory

Publishing year

2017-07-01

Language

English

Publication/Series

Astronomy and Astrophysics

Volume

603

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

EDP Sciences

Topic

  • Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology

Keywords

  • Galaxy: abundances
  • Open clusters and associations: general

Status

Published

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 0004-6361