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Nils Ryde. Photo.

Nils Ryde

Professor

Nils Ryde. Photo.

Abundances of disk and bulge giants from high-resolution optical spectra : I. O, Mg, Ca, and Ti in the solar neighborhood and Kepler field samples

Author

  • H. Jönsson
  • N. Ryde
  • T. Nordlander
  • Asli Pehlivan
  • H. Hartman
  • P. Jönsson
  • K. Eriksson

Summary, in English

Context. The Galactic bulge is an intriguing and significant part of our Galaxy, but it is hard to observe because it is both distant and covered by dust in the disk. Therefore, there are not many high-resolution optical spectra of bulge stars with large wavelength coverage, whose determined abundances can be compared with nearby, similarly analyzed stellar samples. Aims. We aim to determine the diagnostically important alpha elements of a sample of bulge giants using high-resolution optical spectra with large wavelength coverage. The abundances found are compared to similarly derived abundances from similar spectra of similar stars in the local thin and thick disks. In this first paper we focus on the solar neighborhood reference sample. Methods. We used spectral synthesis to derive the stellar parameters as well as the elemental abundances of both the local and bulge samples of giants. We took special care to benchmark our method of determining stellar parameters against independent measurements of effective temperatures from angular diameter measurements and surface gravities from asteroseismology. Results. In this first paper we present the method used to determine the stellar parameters and elemental abundances, evaluate them, and present the results for our local disk sample of 291 giants. Conclusions. When comparing our determined spectroscopic temperatures to those derived from angular diameter measurements, we reproduce these with a systematic difference of +10 K and a standard deviation of 53 K. The spectroscopic gravities reproduce those determined from asteroseismology with a systematic offset of +0.10 dex and a standard deviation of 0.12 dex. When it comes to the abundance trends, our sample of local disk giants closely follows trends found in other works analyzing solar neighborhood dwarfs, showing that the much brighter giant stars are as good abundance probes as the often used dwarfs.

Department/s

  • Lund Observatory

Publishing year

2017-02-01

Language

English

Publication/Series

Astronomy and Astrophysics

Volume

598

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

EDP Sciences

Topic

  • Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology

Keywords

  • Galaxy: evolution
  • Solar neighborhood
  • Stars: abundances

Status

Published

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 0004-6361