Radial abundance gradients in the outer Galactic disk as traced by main-sequence OB stars
Summary, in English
Aims: Using a sample of 31 main-sequence OB stars located between galactocentric distances 8.4-15.6 kpc, we aim to probe the present-day radial abundance gradients of the Galactic disk.
Methods: The analysis is based on high-resolution spectra obtained with the MIKE spectrograph on the Magellan Clay 6.5-m telescope on Las Campanas. We used a non-NLTE analysis in a self-consistent semi-automatic routine based on TLUSTY and SYNSPEC to determine atmospheric parameters and chemical abundances.
Results: Stellar parameters (effective temperature, surface gravity, projected rotational velocity, microturbulence, and macroturbulence) and silicon and oxygen abundances are presented for 28 stars located beyond 9 kpc from the Galactic center plus three stars in the solar neighborhood. The stars of our sample are mostly on the main-sequence, with effective temperatures between 20 800-31 300 K, and surface gravities between 3.23-4.45 dex. The radial oxygen and silicon abundance gradients are negative and have slopes of -0.07 dex kpc-1 and -0.09 dex kpc-1, respectively, in the region 8.4 ≤ RG ≤ 15.6 kpc.
Conclusions: The obtained gradients are compatible with the present-day oxygen and silicon abundances measured in the solar neighborhood and are consistent with radial metallicity gradients predicted by chemodynamical models of Galaxy Evolution for a subsample of young stars located close to the Galactic plane.
Based on data obtained with the Magellan Clay telescope at the Las Campanas observatory and the ESO/MPI telescope at La Silla under the ESO-ON agreement.
- Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
- stars: abundances
- stars: early-type
- Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics
- Astrophysics - Astrophysics of Galaxies
- ISSN: 0004-6361