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Anders Johansen. Profile picture.

Anders Johansen

Professor

Anders Johansen. Profile picture.

Forming Chondrules in Impact Splashes. I. radiative Cooling Model

Author

  • Cornelis Petrus Dullemond
  • Sebastian Markus Stammler
  • Anders Johansen

Summary, in English

The formation of chondrules is one of the oldest unsolved mysteries in meteoritics and planet formation. Recently an old idea has been revived: the idea that chondrules form as a result of collisions between planetesimals in which the ejected molten material forms small droplets that solidify to become chondrules. Pre-melting of the planetesimals by radioactive decay of Al-26 would help produce sprays of melt even at relatively low impact velocity. In this paper we study the radiative cooling of a ballistically expanding spherical cloud of chondrule droplets ejected from the impact site. We present results from numerical radiative transfer models as well as analytic approximate solutions. We find that the temperature after the start of the expansion of the cloud remains constant for a time t(cool) and then drops with time t approximately as T similar or equal to T-0[(315)t/t(cool)+ 2/5](-5/3) for t > t(cool). The time at which this temperature drop starts t(cool) depends via an analytical formula on the mass of the cloud, the expansion velocity, and the size of the chondrule. During the early isothermal expansion phase the density is still so high that we expect the vapor of volatile elements to saturate so that no large volatile losses are expected.

Department/s

  • Lund Observatory

Publishing year

2014

Language

English

Publication/Series

Astrophysical Journal

Volume

794

Issue

1

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

American Astronomical Society

Topic

  • Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology

Keywords

  • meteorites
  • radiative transfer
  • meteors
  • meteoroids

Status

Published

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 0004-637X