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Alexander Mustill. Profile picture.

Alexander Mustill

Researcher

Alexander Mustill. Profile picture.

WTS-2 b: a hot Jupiter orbiting near its tidal destruction radius around a K dwarf

Author

  • J. L. Birkby
  • M. Cappetta
  • P. Cruz
  • J. Koppenhoefer
  • O. Ivanyuk
  • Alexander Mustill
  • S. T. Hodgkin
  • D. J. Pinfield
  • B. Sipocz
  • G. Kovacs
  • R. Saglia
  • Y. Pavlenko
  • D. Barrado
  • A. Bayo
  • D. Campbell
  • S. Catalan
  • L. Fossati
  • M. -C. Galvez-Ortiz
  • M. Kenworthy
  • J. Lillo-Box
  • E. L. Martin
  • D. Mislis
  • E. J. W. de Mooij
  • S. V. Nefs
  • I. A. G. Snellen
  • H. Stoev
  • J. Zendejas
  • C. del Burgo
  • J. Barnes
  • N. Goulding
  • C. A. Haswell
  • M. Kuznetsov
  • N. Lodieu
  • F. Murgas
  • E. Palle
  • E. Solano
  • P. Steele
  • R. Tata

Summary, in English

We report the discovery of WTS-2 b, an unusually close-in 1.02-d hot Jupiter (M-P = 1.12M(J), R-P = 1.30R(J)) orbiting a K2V star, which has a possible gravitationally bound M-dwarf companion at 0.6 arcsec separation contributing similar to 20 per cent of the total flux in the observed J-band light curve. The planet is only 1.5 times the separation from its host star at which it would be destroyed by Roche lobe overflow, and has a predicted remaining lifetime of just similar to 40 Myr, assuming a tidal dissipation quality factor of Q(*)' = 10(6).Q(*)' is a key factor in determining how frictional processes within a host star affect the orbital evolution of its companion giant planets, but it is currently poorly constrained by observations. We calculate that the orbital decay of WTS-2 b would correspond to a shift in its transit arrival time of T-shift similar to 17 s after 15 yr assuming Q(*)' = 10(6). A shift less than this would place a direct observational constraint on the lower limit of Q(*)' in this system. We also report a correction to the previously published expected T-shift for WASP-18 b, finding that T-shift = 356 s after 10 yr for Q(*)' = 10(6), which is much larger than the estimated 28 s quoted in WASP-18 b discovery paper. We attempted to constrain Q(*)' via a study of the entire population of known transiting hot Jupiters, but our results were inconclusive, requiring a more detailed treatment of transit survey sensitivities at long periods. We conclude that the most informative and straightforward constraints on Q(*)' will be obtained by direct observational measurements of the shift in transit arrival times in individual hot Jupiter systems. We show that this is achievable across the mass spectrum of exoplanet host stars within a decade, and will directly probe the effects of stellar interior structure on tidal dissipation.

Department/s

  • Lund Observatory

Publishing year

2014

Language

English

Pages

1470-1489

Publication/Series

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Volume

440

Issue

2

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

Oxford University Press

Topic

  • Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology

Keywords

  • surveys
  • planets and satellites: detection
  • planets and satellites:
  • dynamical evolution and stability
  • planets and satellites: fundamental
  • parameters
  • planets and satellites: individual: WTS-2 b

Status

Published

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 1365-2966